Ivan Kožarić

Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002 thumbnail
Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971 thumbnail
Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972 thumbnail
Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973 thumbnail
Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975 thumbnail
Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963 thumbnail
Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002  thumbnail
Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002

Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002

Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971

Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971

Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972

Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972

Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973

Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973

Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975

Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975

Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963

Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963

Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002

Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002

Born in 1921 in Petrinja, Croatia. Lives and works in Zagreb, Croatia.

Imaginative elusion of creative closure characterizes the highly diverse work of Ivan Kožarić. Sculptures of the human figure created in Zagreb in the early 1950s define his earliest work. Inspired by the modernist stylistic framework, but subtly subverting any formalist determinants, they point to Kožarić’s pursuit of a range of different expressive approaches and his search for artistic freedom, which from 1959 to 1966 coincided with his participation in the Gorgona group (with Julije Knifer, Mangelos, Josip Vaništa, and others). Despite being mostly known as a sculptor, Kožarić had since his artistic beginnings and until the recent years worked in a variety of media, creating a powerful body of work that spans from permanent and temporary sculptures, installations, and urban interventions, to assemblages, proclamations, photographs, and paintings. With constant variation and transformation of his practice, Kožarić thus created an opus in which curiosity, spontaneous encounters, and change, give form to often unexpected configurations and compelling works permeated with ambiguity and an exploratory zest.

Significant recent exhibitions of the work of Ivan Kožarić were held at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris (2002), the Art Pavilion in Zagreb (2005–2006), and at the Haus der Kunst in Munich (2013). He has participated in notable international group shows, such as the Venice Biennale (1976), the São Paulo Biennale (1979), and documenta 11 in Kassel (2002). Since 2007, the studio of Ivan Kožarić, with more than 6.000 works, is on permanent display at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb.