Ivan Kožarić

Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik thumbnail
Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002 thumbnail
Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971 thumbnail
Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972 thumbnail
Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973 thumbnail
Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975 thumbnail
Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963 thumbnail
Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002  thumbnail
Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Seated Man, bronze, 61 x 23 x 65 cm, 1954-1960, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man from Lika II, bronze, 25 x 18 x 18 cm, 1954, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Torso, bronze, 34 x 20 x 10 cm, 1954-1961, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Globe, bronze, 17 cm high, 1956, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Man, bronze, 140 cm high, 1958, cast 1960. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Portrait of Ivo Dulčić, bronze, 18 x 17.5 x 27 cm, 1958, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Inner Eyes, plaster, 19 x 16 cm, 1959, cast 1990s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Unusual Project - Cutting Sljeme, bronze, 45 x 25 x 18.5 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

The Action of the Sun, bronze, 27 x 19 x 16 cm, 1960, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Remembering the Flood), bronze, 14 x 17.5 x 16 cm, 1964, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Head, bronze, 24 x 15 x 14 cm, 1966, cast 1960s. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (So called Earth/Sky), acrylic resin (acrystal), 95 x 55 x 37 cm, 1967, cast ca. 2006. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Shape of Space (Sketch for Landed Sun), Gilded wood, ⌀ 10 cm, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Temporary Sculpture / Head 3, metal tube and paper, 36 cm high, 1996. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Untitled, cardboard box (package for salt), 10 x 5 x 16 cm, 2003. Photo: Jaka Babnik

Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002

Parisko nebo / Paris Sky, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 114 cm, 2002

Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971

Call It as You Like, collage on b/w photograph, 26 x 22 cm, 1971

Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972

Monument to a Barmaid, collage on b/w photograph, 14 x 18 cm, 1972

Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973

Poor Woman, collage on b/w photograph, 29 x 34 cm, 1973

Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975

Shape of Space (Refrigerator), b/w photograph, 18.5 x 17 cm, 1975

Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963

Collective Work, typescript, 29 x 21 cm, 1963

Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002

Freedom can be carried in your hands as a thing., felt-tip pen, 29 x 21 cm, ca. 2002

Born in 1921 in Petrinja, Croatia. Lives and works in Zagreb, Croatia.

Imaginative elusion of creative closure characterizes the highly diverse work of Ivan Kožarić. Sculptures of the human figure created in Zagreb in the early 1950s define his earliest work. Inspired by the modernist stylistic framework, but subtly subverting any formalist determinants, they point to Kožarić’s pursuit of a range of different expressive approaches and his search for artistic freedom, which from 1959 to 1966 coincided with his participation in the Gorgona group (with Julije Knifer, Mangelos, Josip Vaništa, and others). Despite being mostly known as a sculptor, Kožarić had since his artistic beginnings and until the recent years worked in a variety of media, creating a powerful body of work that spans from permanent and temporary sculptures, installations, and urban interventions, to assemblages, proclamations, photographs, and paintings. With constant variation and transformation of his practice, Kožarić thus created an opus in which curiosity, spontaneous encounters, and change, give form to often unexpected configurations and compelling works permeated with ambiguity and an exploratory zest.

Important recent exhibitions of the work of Ivan Kožarić were held at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris (2002), the Art Pavilion in Zagreb (2005–2006), and at the Haus der Kunst in Munich (2013). He has participated in significant international group shows, such as the Venice Biennale (1976), the São Paulo Biennale (1979), and documenta 11 in Kassel (2002). Since 2007, the studio of Ivan Kožarić, with more than 6.000 works, is on permanent display at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb.

Selected solo exhibitions

2017
Shapes of Space, Galerija Gregor Podnar, Berlin, Germany.

2012
Graphic Works from the MGLC Collection, International Centre of Graphic Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
There is Only Life. New Graphic Works, Galerija Greta, Zagreb, Croatia.

2011
Planet Kožarić 4, Zbirka Pernar, Zagreb, Croatia.
Across the Line – Atelier Kožarić – Works on Paper and Other Stuff, Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Works from the Architect Tomislav Kožarić Collection, Glerija Krsto Hegedušić, Petrinja, Croatia.
I feel like being in the stomach of an overfed lion, 1972–2011, Galerija Academia Moderna, Zagreb, Croatia.

2010
Portfolio of Graphics: Optimistic Vertical, Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Drawings and Sculptures, Gradski muzej, Vitrovica, and Zavičajni muzej, Našice, Croatia.
Everything Trickles from Love, Galerija S, Koprivnica, Croatia.
Planet Kožarić 3, Zbirka Pernar, Zagreb, Croatia.

2009
Art is a Rare Bird, Galerija Otok, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Shape of Space XXIII, Galerija Academia Moderna, Zagreb, and Museum of Contemporary Art, Pula, Croatia.
Trash / Gold, Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art Vela Luka, Croatia.
Works from the Architect Tomislav Kožarić Collection, Glerija Ulrich, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Mazuth, Zagreb, Croatia.

2008
I am delighted that I am happy!, Galerija Vlaidmir Filakovac, Zagreb, Croatia; Galerija Svetog Krševana, Šibenik, Croatia; POU, Ivanić-Grad, Croatia.
Un-foreseeable, Prostor Kranjčar, Zagreb, Croatia.
India, Kula Lotrščak, Zagreb, Croatia (with Darko Bavoljak).
A Shot of Art, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
Kožarić in Žitnjak, Galerija Atelje Žitnjak, Zagreb, Croatia.

2007
Sculpture 1954–2000, Magazzini del Sale, Venice, Italy.
Galerija O.K., Rijeka, Croatia (with Darko Bavoljak).

2006
Assumption …, Galerija Rigo, Novigrad, Croatia.
Retrospective, Gradska galerija Striegl, Sisak, Croatia.
White Roses, Galerija Klovičevi dvori, Zagreb, Croatia.

2005
Photography, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia; Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia; Galerija Sv. Kvirin, Sisak, Croatia; Small Salon, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia; Palača Zuccato, Poreč, Croatia; Galerija Marino Cettina, Umag, Croatia.
Sculptures, Drawings,Graphics, Galerija Krsto Hegedušić, Petrinja, Croatia.
Sculpture 1954–2000, Technopolis, Athens, Greece.
Galerija Aluminij, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Retrospective, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.
One Must Walk, Fotogalerija KIC, Zagreb, Croatia.
Splitgraphic 2005, 2nd International Grephics Biennale, Galerija Studio Naranča, Split, Croatia (with Kristina Restović).

2004
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art and Niaravan Cultural Center, Teheran, Iran.
From the exhibition at Musée d’Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Galerija Canvas, Zagreb, Croatia.
Life and Earth, Foyer of the Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall, Zagreb, Croatia.

2003
Galerija Kazamat (Croatian Association of Visual Artists), Osijek, Croatia.
Galerija Moira, Stari Grad, Hvar, Croatia.
Cast of the Bollard, Antikvarijat galerija Gal, Volosko, Croatia.
Likovni salon Vladimir Becić, Slavonski Brod, Croatia.

2002
Musée d’Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.
Galerija Galženica, Velika Gorica, Croatia.
Encounter with documenta 11, Mala galerija, Zagreb, Croatia.

2001
Limitless Spaces of Freedom, Galerija Koprivnica, Koprivnica, Croatia.
Galerija Forum, Zagreb, Croatia.
Kožarić at the Gallery, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Trash, Galerija O.K., Multimedia Center, Rijeka, Croatia.
Livia, Archaeological Museum, Split, Croatia.
Foliage, Galerija Škuc, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Galerija Otok (with performance Love Song), Dubrovnik, Croatia.

2000
Sculpture 1954–2000, Croatian Association of Visual Artists, Galerija Proširenih medija, and Galerija Prsten, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Križič-Roban, Zagreb, Croatia.
Sculpture 1954–2000, Modern Gallery Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

1999
Sky above Zagreb II, Galerija Beck, Zagreb, Croatia.

1998
A Small Bag Full of Sun Energy, Galerija Gradska, Zagreb, Croatia.
Retrospective, Muzej grada Rovinja, Rovinj, Croatia.
Small Salon, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia.
Wood, Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Hommage to M. Cettina, Galrija Marino Cettina, Umag, Croatia.

1997
Green madness, Galerija Instituta Ruđer Bošković, Zagreb, Croatia.

1996
K. Traveler, Mala galerija, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Retrospective, Galerija umjetnina Zadar i Gradska loža, Zadar, Croatia.

1995
New Graphics, Galerija Miroslav Kraljević, Zagreb, Croatia.
Twisted Heads, Galerija Dante, Umag, Croatia.

1994
Solo exhibition in the context of the 5th Croatian Sculpture Triennale, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Hajdarović, Požega, Croatia.
Text Drawings, Galerija Kovačka 3, Klub Otok, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

1993
Studio Kožarić, Galerija Zvonimir, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Beck, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Sesame, Dubrovnik, Croatia (with Antun Maračić).

1992
Galerie l’Ollave, Lyon, France.
Kulturno-informativni centar SFRJ, Zagreb, Croatia (with Nada Novosel).

1991
Sky above Zagreb, Galerija Proširenih medija, Zagreb, Croatia.
In the Sign of the Sun, Galerija Forum, Zagreb, Croatia.

1990
Galerija Sebastijan, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Shock, Galerija AM-M14f/1-Z, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Proširenih medija, Zagreb, Croatia.

1989
Galerija Sebastijan, Belgrade, Serbia.
Galerija Sebastijan, Varaždin, Croatia.

1987
Modern Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia.

1986
Muzej grada Šibenika, Šibenik, Croatia.
Galerija Protiron, Split, Croatia.

1984
Izložbeni salon Doma JNA, Zagreb, Croatia.

1982
Galerija Instituta Ruđer Bošković, Zagreb, Croatia.

1981
Kulturno-informativni centar SFRJ, Cologne, Germany.

1976
Salon of the Museum of Conetemporary Art, Belgrade, Serbia.

1975
Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Rain, Galerija Nova, Zagreb, Croatia.
Salon Schira, Zagreb, Croatia.

1973
Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

1969
Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.

1966
Galerija Studentskog centra, Zagreb, Croatia.
Galerija Doma omladine, Belgrade, Serbia.
Salon Tribine mladih, Novi Sad, Serbia.

1962
Gradska galerija suvremene umjetnosti, Zagreb, Croatia.

1958
Salon ULUS-a, Belgrade, Serbia (with Ivo Dulčić).

1957
Jakopičev paviljon, Ljubljana, Slovenia (with Ivo Dulčić).

1956
Salon ULUH-a, Zagreb, Croatia (with Ivo Dulčić).

Selected group exhibitions
2012
From the Fundus of the Dubrovnik Art Gallery. Croatian Art from the End of the Nineteenth Century Until Today, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Permanent Avent-Garde. Marinko Sudac Collection, KUAD Gallery, Istanbul, Turkey.
La Triennale. Intense Proximity, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France.
Dare Trying, Lauba, Zagreb, Croatia.
Re-calling the Past, 52. annale, Istarska sabornica, Poreč, Croatia.
Artist on Vacation, Museum of Contemporay Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Here We Are 3, Museum of Contemporary Art of Istria, Pula, Croatia.
Croatian Contemporary Sculpture from the Branko Ružić Collection, Muzej Ivana Meštrovića, Split, Croatia.
Time For a New State and NSK Folk Art, Calvert 22, London, UK.

2011
Occupied Area, Brod Galeb, Rijeka, Croatia.
Car Culture. Media of Mobility, ZKM – Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany.
Treasures from the Dubrovnik Art Gallery. Croatian Art from the End of the Nineteenth Century Until Today, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
From Sculpture to Confession (Self-Portrait – Autobiography), Galerija Klovičevi dvori, Zagreb, Croatia.
EREX 11, International Erotic Fair, Zagrebački velesajam, Zagreb, Croatia.
Contemporary Croatian Sculpture, Magyar Nemezeti Galéria, Budapest, Hungary.

2010
Modern (Post) Modern, Museum of Contemporary Art of Istria, Pula, Croatia.
45th Zagreb Salon of the Croatian Association of Visual Artists (HDLU), Gallery Bačva, Zagreb, Croatia.
Probe, Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Photographs from the Collection Marino Cettina, Small Salon, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia.
In Person. Filip Trade Collection, Galerija 5 Kula, Motovun, Croatia.
Croatian Drawing, Museum of Contemporary Art, Skopje, Macedonia.
Artists and Their Studios, Kontura Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia.
Displaced Divisions, Galerija Škuc, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Contemporary Croatian Sculpture, Salone degli Incanti, Trieste, Italy; Galerija Jakopič, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Cella Septichora Museum, Pécs, Hungary.

2009
Contemporary Croatian Sculpture, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia; Foreign Office, Berlin, Germany; Künstlerhaus, Vienna, Austria.
The Frames Must be Destroyed, PechaKucha Night Vol. 1, Performance, Klub SC, Zagreb, Croatia.
Observing Others, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.
All These Drawings – Retrospective of the International Rijeka Exhibition of Drawings 1968–2009, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia.
All That Is Solid Melts into Air, Cultuursite – De Garage, Mechelen, Belgium.
5th Croatian Graphics Triennale, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb, Croatia.
10th Croatian Sculpture Triennale, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
From Klović and Rembrandt to Warhol and Picelj, Museum of Arts and Crafts, Zagreb, Croatia.
Planet Kožarić 1, Zbirka Pernar, Zagreb, Croatia.
Political Speech Is Suprematism, Slought Foundation, Philadelphia, USA.
Academia Moderna, Galerija umjetnina, Split, Croatia.

2008
Formally – Engaged. Exhibition of Works from the Collection MMSU, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia.
“As soon as I open my eyes, I see film” – the Experiment in Yugoslavian Art of the 1960s and 1970s, Museum of Modern Art, Warsaw, Poland.
Conceptual Art, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb, Croatia.
Articulation of Space / Works in Flux, Galerija umjetnina, Split, Croatia.
Boys and Their Toys, Galerija Studentskog centra, Zagreb, Croatia.
Stari mojstri / Old Masters, Galerija P74, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
HPB Grand Prix for Painting 2008, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb. Croatia.
The Door Was Open, Galerija Ćarlama Depot, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Max Art Fest, Atelijer Kožarić, Zagreb, Croatia.

2007
Peripheral Specialities. Collection Marinko Sudac, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka.
Avant-Garde Tendencies in Croatian Art, Galerija Klovićevi dvori, Zagreb, Croatia.
No Name, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb, Croatia.
Universification / Universal Reconciliation, 47. annale Poreč, Istarska sabornica, Poreč, Croatia.
Priroda i društvo / Parallel Lines, Ethnographic Museum, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
The Wonderful World of Angels, Ethnographic Museum, Zagreb, Croatia.
Collection of Contemporary Art Marino Cettina and a Selection of Works from the Recent Croatian and Slovenian Art Scene, Arhotrade and Gallery Marin, Umag, Croatia.

2006
Recent Sacral Art, Galerija Klovićevi dvori, Zagreb, Croatia.
Living Art – On the Edge of Europe, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands.
12th Croatian Sculpture Triennale, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
Arteast Collection 2000+23, Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Invisible Zagreb: Cabinet of Curiosities, Galerija Nova, Zagreb, Croatia.
Vukovar Salon, Dvorac Eltz, Vukovar, Croatia.
Early Master Drawings of Croatian Art after World War I. From the Glyptotheque Collection of Drawings of Croatian 20th Century Artists, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
Essence of Life – Essence of Art, Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kaiserstein palace, Prague, Czech Republic.
Contemporary Croatian Drawing, Mestna galerija, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Palais Porcia, Vienna, Austria; Stadhuis, Den Haag, The Netherlands; Farmleigh Gallery, Dublin, Ireland; State Art Gallery, Tirana, Turkey; Suna Çokgür Ilıcak Art Gallery, Ankara, Turkey.

2005
Avant-Garde Art from the Region 1915–1989, Galerijski centar, Varaždin, Croatia.
Strast / Passion, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka, Croatia.
La Coste 12.12. Zagreb Project, Muzej Mimara, Zagreb, Croatia.
East Art Museum. An Exhibition of the East Art Map – A (Re) Construction of Contemporary History (1945-1985) in Eastern Europe, Karl Ernst Osthaus Museum, Hagen, Germany.
Trash, Galerija Forum, Zagreb, Croatia.
ZA-ZEN, Galerija Moira, Stari Grad, Croatia.
Croatian Artists for Plehan. Images and Sculptures, Galerija umjetnina and Galerija Ružić, Slavonski Brod, Croatia.
Essence of Life – Essence of Art, Ludwing Museum, Budapes, Hungary; Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia; State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia.
Contemporary Croatian Drawing, Royal Cultural Center, Amman, Jordan; National Cultural Center-Opera House, Cairo, Egypt; National Museum of China, Beijing, China; Shanghai Art Gallery, Shanghai, China; Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangdong, China; City Hall, Hong Kong.

2004
U prvom licu / First Person Singular, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Passage of Europe, Musée dart moderne et contemporain de SaintÉtienne Métropole, SaintÉtienne, France.
European Space, 9th Sculpture Quadrennial Riga, various locations, Riga, Latvia.
ArtiST Now – A Subterranean garden, Diocletian’s Palace, Split, Croatia.
Sculptures from the Collection of the Art Gallery Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

2003
Zadar Live_03, Interventions in the Urban Space, Zadar, Croatia.
25th International Biennial of Graphic Arts, Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

2002
Documenta 11, Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany.
Goli otok – New Croatian Tourism, Galerija Miroslav Kraljević, Zagreb, Croatia.
Monochrome, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.
Here Tomorrow, Gliptoteka HAZU, Zagreb, Croatia.
The Misfits. Conceptual Strategies in Contemporary Croatian Art, Kunstraum Kreuzberg / Bethanien, Berlin, Germany.

2001
Atelier 8115, Cité Internationale des Arts, Paris, France.
20 Years of the Gallery for Expanded Media, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb, Croatia.
15th International Drawing Triennale, Rijeka, Croatia.
Encounter with the Vukovar Salon 2001–2005, Dvorac Eltz, Vukovar, Croatia.

2000
2000+, Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Aspects / Positions – 50 Years of Middle-European Art, Museum moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria.
13th Annale, Diocletian’s Palace, Split, Croatia.

1999
Space of Indifference, Galerija Galežnica, Velika Gorica, Croatia.

1997
Gorgona, Gorgonesco, Gorgonica, Venice Biennale, collateral event, Villa Pisani, Stra, Italy.
Exhibition of the newly elected regular members of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and the Arts (HAZU), Muzej arhitekture, Zagreb, Croatia.
Croatian Photography 1997, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.

1996
Island, interventions in the urban space, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

1995
Contemporary Art of the Non-Aligned Countries: Unity in Diversity in International Art, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Contemporary Croatian Drawing, Working People’s Cultural Palace, Beijing, China.

1994
Natural – Art and Nature in Middle Europe, Ernst Museum, Budapest, Hungary.
Center Zagreb. Sculpture in Croatia 1950–1990, Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, Germany.
Processed Matter, 34th Annale, Dom hrvatskih likovnih umjetnika, Zagreb, Croatia.
Exhibition on Eating and Drinking, Gallery for Expanded Media, Zagreb, Croatia.

1993
Place and Destiny, “Six Croatian Artists: Art of Defense – Neo-existentialism”, Muzej Rupe, Dubrovnik, Croatia; Galerija Zvonimir, Zagreb, Croatia.
The Horse Who Sings: Radical Art from Croatia, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia.
Recall Byblos – The Art of Communication, Ludwing Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany.
Eurograz ’93, Eastern View – Western View, Europahaus, Graz, Austria.
A casa / At Home, Campo S. Polo, 1658, Calle dei Botteri, Venice, Italy.

1992
Identity: Difference – Tribune Trigon 1940–1990, various locations, Graz, Austria.
Contemporary Croatian Art, Ernst Museum, Budapest, Hungary.

1991
The Artist in the Landscape of War, Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Exhibition of Sculptures “In sogno terrae”, Artists Colony Ilok, Ilok, Croatia.

1990
Gorgona, Brunnenburg, Meran, Italy.
Fra-Yu-Kult, Gallery 369, Edinburgh, UK.

1988
Soros Foundation, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C., USA.

1987
Yugoslavian documenta ’87, Olympic Center, Skenderija and Collegium Artisticum, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1985
7th Yugoslavian Biennale of Small-Scale Sculpture, Cankarjev dom, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Yugoslavian Graphic 1950–1980, Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade, Serbia.
Self-Portrait in Croatian Sculpture from Modernism to the Present, Galerija Karas, Zagreb, Croatia.
Ješovar – Knifer – Kožarić – Seder – Vaništa, Galerija likovnih umjetnosti, Osijek, Croatia; Galerija Studentskog centra, Belgrade, Serbia.

1984
Paper as Surface and Material of Visual Expression, Centar za kulturu i informacije, Skopje, Macedonia; Galerija Karas, Zagreb, Croatia.
Yugoslavia’s documenta ’84, Collegium Artisticum, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Contemporary Yugoslavian Visual Art 1978/83, Collegium Artisticum, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1983
Minimalism, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.

1982
Art on the Threshold of Mutation, Galerija Vočarska, Zagreb, Croatia; Umjetnička galerija Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Innovations in Croatian Art in the 1970s, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade, Serbia.

1981
Abstract Tendencies in Croatia 1951–1961, Modern Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia.

1980
New Appearances in Croatian Painting, Galerija Nova, Zagreb, Croatia.
Yugoslavia’s Contribution to the Bienal de São Paulo, Museo Nacional de Arte, La Paz, Bolivia.

1979
XV Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
Critics Select, Galerija Karas, Zagreb, Croatia.

1978
New Art Practice 1966–1978, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
Art in Yugoslavia 1970–1978, Collegium Artisticum, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tendencies of Yugoslavian Art Today, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany; Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, Germany; Kunsthalle, Nürnberg, Germany.

1977
Gorgona, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia; Galerija Studentskog centra, Belgrade, Serbia; Städtisches Museum, Mönchengladbach, Germany.
Modern Art in Croatia, City Hall, Mainz, Germany.

1976
Yugoslavian Pavilion, Venice Biennale ’76, Venice, Italy.
Award INA ’76, Modern Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia.

1975
Aspects. Contemporary Art from Yugoslavia, Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna, Austria.

1974
Yugoslavian Art of the Present, Jahrhunderthalle, Höchst, Germany; Erholungshaus der Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Germany.
100 Works of Contemporary Croatian Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Skopje, Macedonia.
Pictorial Themes Today, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.
Tendencies in the Contemporary Visual Arts in Yugoslavia, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

1973
Three Themes from Contemporary Croatian Art, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia; Galerija Karas, Zagreb, Croatia; Umjetnička galerija, Cetinje, Croatia.

1972
Surrealism and the Croatian Visual Arts, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.
Situation 71/72, 7th Zagreb Salon, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.

1971
Yugoslavian Art from Prehistory to the Present, Grand Palais, Paris, France.
trigon 71: intermedia urbana, Künstlerhaus, Graz, Austria.
Situation 70/71, 6th Zagreb Salon, Modern Gallery of the Yugoslavian Academy of the Arts and Sciences, Zagreb, Croatia.

1970
Contemporary Yugoslavian Sculpture, Hayward Gallery, London, UK.
Exhibition of Contemporary Croatian Art, Galerie Vincence Kramare, Prague, Czech Republic.

1969
Contemporary Figurative Art from Zagreb, Archiginnasio, Bologna, Italy.
Contemporary Yugoslavian Sculpture, Belvedere, Prague, Czech Republic; Moravska Gallery, Brno, Czech Republic.

1968
Zagreb, City of Youth, Künstlerhaus, Vienna; Brno, Czech Republic.
Current Alternatives 3, International Meeting of Contemporary Art at L’Aquila, Castello Spagnolo, L’Aquila, Italy.

1967
Portraits / sculptures, Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France.
Yugoslavian Pavilion at EXPO 67, Montreal, Canada.
Contemporary Croatian Art – Postwar Period, Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade; Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia; Modern Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia; Modern Gallery, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

1966
Modern Croatian Art, Orangerie im Schlossgarten, Eisenstadt, Austria.

1965
Salon of Young Sculpture, Musée Rodin, Paris.

1963
Actualities in Sculpture, Galerie Creuze, Paris.

1962
The Carrara Prize, Biennale di scultura, Carrara, Italy.
New Yugoslavian Sculpture, Student Center Gakkery, Zagreb, Croatia.

1961
Painting / Sculpture 61, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb, Croatia.
2nd International Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Musée Rodin, Paris, France.

1960
The Young Sculpture, Musée Rodin, Paris, France.
ULUH Exhibition in honor of the 15th Anniversary of the Liberation of the City of Zagreb, Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.

1959
Salon 59, Gallery of Visual Arts, Rijeka, Croatia.
Yugoslavian Art of Today, Galerie Creuze, Paris, France.
3rd Alexandria Biennale for Mediterranean Countries, Alexandria, Egypt.

1958
16th Exhibition of the Croatian Visual Artists Association (ULUH) in honor of the Day of the Republic, Art Pavillion, Zagreb, Croatia.

1957
15th Exhibition of the Croatian Visual Artists Association (ULUH) in honor of the Day of the Republic, Art Pavillion, Zagreb, Croatia.

1956
Contemporary Painting and Sculpture, Salon 56, Gallery of Visual Arts, Rijeka, Croatia.
Croatian Art, Contemporary Painting and Sculpture, Friedrich Rückert Auditorium, Erlangen, Germany.
Contemporary Yugoslavian Art, Painting, Sculpture, Dubrovnik Art Gallery, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

1955
Stančić, Vaništa, Ivančić, Micheli, Kožarić, Museum for Arts and Crafts, Zagreb, Croatia.

1954
Salon 54, Gallery of Visual Arts, Rijeka, Croatia.

1953
8th Exhibition of the Croatian Visual Artists Association (ULUH), Art Pavilion, Zagreb, Croatia.